Smooth Dachshund dog or Short Haired Dachshund
Known overseas as the Teckel
The name "Dachshund" comes from German (dachs) badger (hund) dog but in Germany, its country of origin, the breed is known as the "Teckel." Early German documents from the 16th century refer to predecessors of the breed, as a little "earth dog", "badger digger." Often hunted in packs, they were bred for hunting ferocious badgers (in Europe) and would follow them right into their underground burrows, drag them out and kill them. The original Dachshunds were smooth coated. The Longhaired variety came later, followed by the Wirehaired type near the end of the 18th century. The first Teckel stud book was created in Germany in 1890 and it referred to Smooth, Longhaired and Wirehaired breed varieties. The working ability of the breed is paramount and thus its size and structure are chiefly functional. Mini varieties came later.
Miniature type: 11 lbs. (5 kg) & under.
Height Mini: 5 - 6 in. (12.7 - 15.2 cm) at withers.
Standard type: over 11 lbs. (usually 16 - 32 lbs.).
Height: 8 - 9 in. (20.3 - 22.9 cm) at withers.
Other Name: Teckel, Wiener dog.
Life Expectancy: 12 - 14 years.
The breed is very clever, lively and courageous even to the point of rashness, definitely not shy. They make fun-loving active pets whose daily physical and mental exercise needs, while not excessive, should never be neglected. Puppies or adult dogs on an unrestricted diets, and not enough exercise will become fat. Their long backs are prone to disc problems, known as the Dachshund back problem, thus overweight dogs are at risk. They are happy in the country where they can hunt, but adapt well to urban life. They are often vocal. Leaving them unattended outdoors is not neighborly. A Dachshund puppy is trainable, becoming a lovable, loyal family member, an exceptional watchdog. There are many people who lovingly refer to this breed as the "wiener dog". The name is so popular that there are annual racing events known as wiener dog races. They are fun for man and dog and well attended.
In the United States, these dogs are bred and shown in two sizes, Standard and Miniature. The Miniature is not a separate classification but competes in a class division for "11 lb. and under at 12 months of age, and older." With the three different coats, they are considered to be three varieties. In Canada and Britain, the Standard Miniature types are considered two separate varieties. The three different coat types, make six different varieties.
Finding Other Breeders
If this small dog breed interests you, and you want more information on breeders, who have Dachshund puppies for sale, see the Dachshund breeders section. If there are no breeders in your area, see the Canadian breed club, Dachshund rescue. See also,the American club, rescue for advice on other nearby Dachshund breeders.
The same health problems apply to all varieties. The long back is a major health problem which can lead to intervertebral disk disease. Overweight dogs are very prone to this problem, so keeping the Dachshund dog fit and slim, will alleviate this. Minor concerns are canine dry eye (KCS). Occasional problems are diabetes, patellar luxation,gastric torsion and Cushing's disease. Dapples are more likely to have eye and hearing problems. This is genetic.