Rottweiler dog, Noble, Alert, and Self-assured.

Would you steal from the butcher's dog?

Rottie or Rottweiler dog picture

Breed History:

  The Rottweiler dog is a large dog breed, a robust, powerful breed, black with rich rusty tan markings. Its compact build denotes great strength, agility, and endurance. The ancestors were Mastiff type dogs, brought through the Alps by the invading Romans into what is now southern Germany. They were used as cattle drovers by day, and guarding the food supply for the legions, by night. Remaining dogs continued this work long after the Romans were driven out. The butchers of the town called “Rottweil”, Germany, for centuries used the Rottweiler to drive cattle to market, then protect their money bags, going home. They tied the bags around the necks of their fearless, loyal dogs. The Rottweiler breed came to be known as the butcher's dog, “Metzgerhund”. The town and area prospered and the cattle business grew without interruption until the middle of the 19th century. At this juncture two important things happened. Cattle driving was outlawed and donkey carts and railroads replaced the dog cart. As a result, the Rottweiler numbers diminished drastically to the point of near extinction. In 1901, a short lived club of the Leonberger and the Rottweiler was formed. A breed standard was created, and the general type advocated, and its description of character, has remained substantially the same. From 1901 to 1907 the Rottweiler found favor again, this time as a police dog. Later it was used in World WarI as a war dog. Following the creation of several quarreling breed clubs, a new club finally was formed in 1921 called the “Allegmeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Klub (ADRK) and it published its first stub book in 1924 thus ending much registration duplication confusion. Despite difficulties during and after World War II, the club has remained intact. Breeding is strictly controlled by the breed society. Only the best specimens may be bred from, and litters are culled to permit the raising of, no more than six puppies per litter. The first Rottweiler was admitted to the AKC stud book in 1931. The standard was adopted in 1935. The American Rottweiler club was formed in 1971. In 1938, the first two Rottweilers were recorded in the Canadian Kennel Club Stud Book. The breed has risen, from near extinction, to become one of the most popular breeds in the United States.
Dogs:  24-27 in. (61-68.5 cm) at withers.
Weight Dog:  85-135 lb (38.6-61.4 kg).
Bitches:  22-25 in. (55.8-63.5 cm).
Weight Bitch:  80-100 lb (36.4-45.5 kg).
Preferred size - mid-range.
Energy Level:  High.
Affection & Playfulness:  Low Average.
Shedding:  Average.
Trainability:  Quite high.
Function:  Security, Schutzhund, Companion.
With Other Dogs:  Not good.
With Other Pets:  Low Average.
With strangers:  Not friendly.
Bonding:  Bonds to entire family.
Grooming:   Once a week.
Watchdog:  Excellent.
Protection:  Very high!
Life Expectancy:  8 - 11 years.

Rottweiler Appearance:

  The ideal Rottweiler is an above medium-sized, robust and powerful dog. It is black in color with clearly defined rich tan, rust, markings. His compact build denotes great strength, and endurance. Rottweiler males normally, are larger, heavier boned, and more masculine looking. The bitches are distinctly feminine, but without weakness of substance or structure. Rottweilers require daily mental, physical, rigorous exercise, like jogging outdoors, or a long walk. A Rottweiler puppy needs lots of early socialization, and formal obedience training. They also need plenty of indoor family time, for bonding to the whole family. A Rottie enjoys the cold, but can overheat in hot weather. Grooming requirements are minimal. It requires only occasional brushing to remove dead hair. The Rottweiler puppy is intelligent, highly trainable, and makes a good pet for the right family.


 The Rottie, as it is affectionately known, is a very devoted, protective family dog, wary of strangers. It is possibly overly protective, if it deems its family is threatened, wherein lies a potential danger with some dogs, if proper early training is neglected. The German Rottweiler dog is however, a basically calm, confident, courageous breed, having a fearless expression a self-assured aloofness, that does not lend itself to immediate, and aimless friendships. A Rottie has a very strong eagerness to work, but is not expected to submit to excessive handling by a stranger. They can be headstrong and stubborn. A Rottweiler must never appear reticent, and never be aggressive without just provocation.

Finding Other Breeders:

Do you want Rottweiler information and breeders who might have Rottweiler puppies for sale? See the Rottweiler breeders section. If there are no nearby Rottweiler breeders, see the Canadian Rottweiler dog club, or Rottweiler rescue. Also contact the American Rottweiler dog club, or US Rottweiler rescue for advice on other breeders in your area.

Rottweiler Health Issues:

Major concerns:   CHD, (Canine Hip Dysplasia); Elbow Dysplasia, (describes generalized osteoarthritis (arthritis) of the elbow joint); SAS, (Sub aortic stenosis - a narrowing of the aorta artery, just below the aortic valve, thus preventing proper blood flow to the body); Osteosarcoma or OSA, (It is the most common, 80 - 85% primary bone tumor in dogs.)
Minor concerns:   Gastric Torsion, (This is a very serious, life threatening condition where gas builds up in the stomach and cannot escape, sometimes because of torsion of the stomach or intestine. It is a Top Priority Medical Emergency., Hypothyroidism, (It is due to impaired production and secretion of the thyroid hormones, which results in a decreased metabolic rate.); Allergies, (This is a very complex subject. Allergies can be skin problems or food problems etc.)
Occasionally seen:  PRA, (It is a recessively inherited disease. Progressive Retinal Atrophy is a deterioration of both retinas simultaneously, and which leads to blindness.); Cataracts, (Same as in humans.); Seizures, (There are many types, and of varying severity.); vWD, (Von Willebrand's disease is the most common inherited bleeding disorder of both man and animals.); Panosteitus, (It occurs usually in larger breeds, young males 5 - 14 months the symptoms of which, can be lameness.); Entropion & Ectropion, (Eyelid problems causing pain to the eyes.)

Suggested Tests:

Hip, Elbow, Cardiac, Eye, and vWD.