Miniature Schnauzer dog also known as the Mini Schnauzer

A small size dog, one of the Terrier dog breeds

Breed picture

Breed History:

The Miniature Schnauzer, also called Mini Schnauzer, is the smallest and most popular of the three Schnauzers. It is a product of Germany. It is believed to have resulted from a crossing of the Standard Schnauzer, with Affenpinschers, and perhaps Poodles, or Miniature Pinschers. They were exhibited as a distinct breed as early as 1899. The Schnauzer breed takes its name from one of its kind, a show dog winner by that name, "Schnauzer", at the 1879 Hanover Show in Germany. The name "schnauz bart" means "conspicuous moustache or beard". Its other name, "Zwergschnauzer" means "dwarf schnauzer" in German. It was first used as a barnyard ratter, and many still exhibit that typical terrier dog rodent prey trait today. Although introduced to the North American continent in 1925, long after the other two Schnauzers, it never gained much popularity until 1946, when one, went Best in Show, at a prestigious event. A national breed club was formed in the United States in 1933, followed eighteen years later, in 1951, by a similar club in Canada. Following World War II, the breed outpaced the other two in poularity, to become one of the most popular breeds in America, a position it still enjoys today.
Height:  12 to 14 in. (30 - 36 cm), at withers.
Weight:  13 to 15 lb. (5.9 - 6.8 kg).
Function:  Companion.
Affection & Playfulness:  High.
With Other Dogs & Pets:  A bit reserved.
With strangers:  Reserved.
Bonding:  Bonds to the entire family.
Children:  Good with children.
Watchdog:  Excellent
Protection:  Low.
Training:  Good.
Grooming:   3 times a week.
Other Name:  Zwergschnauzer
Life Expectancy: 12 - 14 years.

Miniature Schnauzer Appearance:

The Miniature Schnauzer is a robust, well built terrier of nearly square proportion. It has a big ribbed, deep body with a prominent breastbone. Its gait has good reach and drive. It has a double coat with a softer undercoat, and hard wiry outer coat, which is longer on the legs, muzzle and eyebrows. Its facial furnishings give it a keen expression. The head should be strong, clean, flat and elongated with a good strong foreface and broad muzzle. It should never be cheeky as this would detract from the overall quality of the head. Expression is of the utmost importance and both eyes and ears play a big part in this. The eyes should be dark and oval in shape. The ears, when natural, are set on the side rather than on top and the tips fall to the temple (to the side of the head). Many Schnauzers in North America have cropped ears, but not so in Europe. The Miniature has three permissible color patterns according to the breed standard. One is the pepper and salt (shades of gray) body color, with silvery beard, eyebrows, chest and leg markings. Next, is the solid black. The black and silver which has a solid black body with silvery markings and furnishings. The Fédération Cynologique International (FCI) also recognizes white in the Miniature, but a solid white or white striping is a disqualification under the AKC standard. A small white blaze is, however permitted.


Today, the Mini Schnauzer is without doubt, one of the most popular terrier dogs. It is primarily a companion dog, a well mannered housedog. It is a devoted, good natured pet, adaptable to its environment and owner’s habits. It is playful, alert, spunky and always ready for action. It gets along quite well with other dogs, being less dog-aggressive than many other terriers. It is also better than most other terriers, with domestic animals. Rodents might be an exception. The basic terrier drive is always there and the dog is ready to give chase. The breed is clever, but can be stubborn. It enjoys children, and is trustworthy with them. Some Miniature Schnauzers may bark a lot.

Finding Other Breeders:

Do you want information on this small dog breed, and breeders who have an available Miniature Schnauzer puppy?  See the Mini Schnauzer breeders. If no nearby breeders, see the Canadian breed club or the Schnauzer rescue. See also the US breed club, or Mini Schnauzer rescue, for other breeders.

Mini Schnauzer Health Issues:

Major concerns:   Urolithiasis, (It is about bladder stones in dogs.); PRA (The retina of the eye degenerates slowly over time. The result is eventual blindness.)
Minor concerns:   Schnauzer comedone syndrome, (An inherited skin disorder, a condition affecting schnauzers, that produces pus filled bumps which are most often located on the back of the dog.); vWD (Von Willebrand's disease is the most common inherited bleeding disorder of both man and animals.); Myotonia congenita, (Myotonia congenita is characterized by the delay of skeletal muscle relaxation following the cessation of a voluntary activity.); Allergies,
Occasionally seen:  Cataracts, (same as in humans.); Retinal dysplasia, (is a congenital, local or generalized malformation of the retina that may result from trauma.); Mycobacterium avian infection, (It is the scientific name used for avian tuberculosis.);

Suggested Tests:

Eyes; NDA tests for: type A PRA, vWD, and myotonia congenita.