Yorkshire Terrier dog

True to its Terrier Heritage

Yorkshire Terrier Picture

Breed History

The background breeding of the Yorkshire Terrier dog, like many breeds is fuzzy. Developed in the western part of Yorkshire, England, it is speculated that the following terriers, Waterside, Clydesdale, Paisley, rough-coated Black and Tan, Dandie Dinmont and the Skye, all played a part in the creation. Originally, the Yorkshire Terrier, or Yorkie Terrier as it is affectionately known, was bred to kill rats in the local coal pits and cotton mills in the mid 19th century. They were also used in rat-killing contests. In those days the breed weighed about 15 pounds. Since then, and after blood sports were banned in the mid 1850s, the breed was gradually downsized, perhaps in part, by covert crossing to the Maltese. In 1861 it was shown at bench shows in England under the breed name, Broken-haired Scotch Terrier. Whether it got its official name in 1886 or 1870 is also uncertain. The wealthy fanciers of the day, did not look favorably upon the breed at first, because of its humble heritage, but gradually they accepted this undeniably beautiful dog. Now, it has become the most popular of all the Toy Breeds in Britain, and is in great demand in Europe. By 1880, the Yorkie Terrier had arrived in America.
Height: 8-9 in. (20.3-22.8 cm) Undefined.
Weight: Not to exceed 7 lbs. (3 kg).
Function: Companion.
Grooming: Frequent. Combing once a day.
Exercise: About 15 min., 3 times per day.
Shedding: A little.
Trainability: Average.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Children: Can be a bit Iffy.
Life Expectancy: 14 - 16 years.

Yorkie Temperament

A small dog breed, the Yorkie dog is very spirited, keenly alert, definitely showing its terrier heritage. It is oblivious of its size, wherein lies some risk because of its audacious and adventurous spirit, often aggressive towards larger strange dogs or small animals. Yorkie puppies are intelligent, friendly and willing to please. They can grow up to bark a lot which might be very annoying, or they can be taught to be quiet. The beautiful blue and tan coat, long, glossy and silky in texture is an important trademark. The hair, parted on the face from the base of the skull to the end of the tail, requires daily brushing. Its everyday exercise needs are minimal. This breed is not very tolerant to extreme cold or heat. It is strictly an indoors dog. Yorkshire Terrier breeders recommend a breed book for tips on raising and caring for a Yorkshire Terrier puppy or an adult dog. Because the size of the breed, according to the breed standard, is not definitively stated, references to a Teacup Yorkshire Terrier or Teacup Yorkie, are frequently mentioned by breeders, but there is no mention of that term in the breed standard.

Additional Yorkshire Terrier Information

Want more info on this small dog breed, the Yorkie dog and Yorkie breeders who might have a Yorkshire Terrier puppy for sale, see the breeders section. If no nearby breeders, see the Canadian breed club, Yorkie rescue or the US club, Yorkshire Terrier rescue to get advice on other Yorkie breeders.

Health Issues

The Yorkshire Terrier has no major health concerns, but does have a few minor concerns such as: patellar luxation. Occasionally, the following concerns have been known to happen: portacaval shunt, PRA tracheal collapse, Legge-Perthes.